Professor Robyn Lucas

Professor

Biography

Professor Robyn Lucas is a medically trained epidemiologist. She was the lead author of the Global Burden of Disease due to Ultraviolet Radiation and the study coordinator for the Ausimmune Study examining environmental risk factors for multiple sclerosis. Her current work focuses on vitamin D, sun exposure and immune function, and public health messages for optimal sun exposure.

Publications

  • Jones, A, Kermode, A, Lucas, R et al 2017, 'Circulating immune cells in multiple sclerosis', Clinical and Experimental Immunology, vol. 187, no. 2, pp. 193-203.
  • Wright, C, Albers, P, Mathee, A et al 2017, 'Sun protection to improve vaccine effectiveness in children in a high ambient ultraviolet radiation and rural environment: an intervention study', BMC Public Health, vol. 17, no. 37, pp. 1-8pp.
  • Miller, K, Hart, P, De Klerk, N et al 2017, 'Are low sun exposure and/or vitamin D risk factors for type 1 diabetes?', Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 381-398.
  • Gorman, S, Lucas, R, Allen-Hall, A et al 2017, 'Ultraviolet radiation, vitamin D and the development of obesity, metabolic syndrome and type-2 diabetes', Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 362-373.
  • Hart, P, Lucas, R, Booth, D et al 2017, 'Narrowband UVB phototherapy for clinically isolated syndrome: A trial to deliver the benefits of vitamin D and other UVB-induced molecules', Frontiers in Immunology, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 6pp.
  • Zhou, Y, Simpson Jr, S, Charlesworth, J et al 2017, 'Variation within MBP gene predicts disease course in multiple sclerosis', Brain and Behavior, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 6pp.
  • Black, L, Lucas, R, Sherriff, J et al 2017, 'In pursuit of vitamin D in plants', Nutrients, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 136-136.
  • Gorman, S, Zafir, M, Lim, E et al 2017, 'High-Dose Intramuscular Vitamin D Provides Long-Lasting Moderate Increases in Serum 25-Hydroxvitamin D Levels and Shorter-Term Changes in Plasma Calcium', AOAC International Journal, vol. 100, no. 5, pp. 1337-1344.
  • Saul, A, Ponsonby, A, Lucas, R et al 2017, 'Stressful life events and the risk of initial central nervous system demyelination', Multiple Sclerosis, vol. 23, no. 7, pp. 1000-1007.
  • Dunlop, E, Cunningham, J, Sherriff, J et al 2017, 'Vitamin D3 and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 content of retail white fish and eggs in Australia', Nutrients, vol. 9, no. 7, pp. 1-15pp.
  • Tettey, P, Simpson, S, Taylor, B et al 2017, 'An adverse lipid profile and increased levels of adiposity significantly predict clinical course after a first demyelinating event', Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 88, no. 5, pp. 395-401.
  • Trend, S, Jones, A, Geldenhuys, S et al 2017, 'Evolving identification of blood cells associated with clinically isolated syndrome: Importance of time since clinical presentation and diagnostic MRI', International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 17pp..
  • Kunene, Z, Albers, P, Lucas, R et al 2017, 'My child did not like using sun protection: practices and perceptions of child sun protection among rural Black African mothers', BMC Public Health, vol. 17, no. 677, pp. 8pp..
  • Zhou, Y, Graves, J, Simpson Jr, S et al 2017, 'Genetic variation in the gene LRP2 increases relapse risk in multiple sclerosis', Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, vol. 88, no. 10, pp. 864-868.
  • Williamson, C, Madronich, S, Lal, A et al 2017, 'Climate change-induced increases in precipitation are reducing the potential for solar ultraviolet radiation to inactivate pathogens in surface waters', Scientific Reports, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 13033 (12pp).
  • Lucas, R, Gorman, S, Black, L et al 2017, 'Clinical, research, and public health implications of poor measurement of Vitamin D status', AOAC International Journal, vol. 100, no. 5, pp. 1225-1229.
  • King, L, Xiang, F, Swaminathan, A et al 2017, 'Validation of Sun Exposure Reported Annually Against Interim Self-report and Daily Sun Diaries', Photochemistry and Photobiology, vol. 93, no. 5, pp. 1294-1302.
  • Wise, S, Phinney, K, Tai, S et al 2017, 'Baseline assessment of 25-hydroxyvitamin d reference material and proficiency testing/external quality assurance material commutability: A Vitamin D Standardization Program Study', AOAC International Journal, vol. 100, no. 5, pp. 1288-1293.
  • Tremlett, H & Lucas, R 2017, 'An 'epidemic' of multiple sclerosis and falling infection rates? Reflecting on comparisons made and the rising MS incidence in Bach's NEJM 2002 Figure', European Journal of Neurology, vol. (Accepted).
  • Zhou, Y, Chen, M, Simpson Jr, S et al 2017, 'Common genetic variation within miR-146a predicts disease onset and relapse in multiple sclerosis', Neurological Sciences.
  • Bais, A, Lucas, R, Bornman, J et al 2017, 'Environmental effects of ozone depletion, UV radiation and interactions with climate change: Update 2017', Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences.
  • Langer Gould A, Wu J, Lucas RM et al 2017, 'Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus, and multiple sclerosis susceptibility: A multiethnic study', Neurology, vol. 89, no. 13, pp. 1330-1337.
  • Langer-Gould, A, Wu, J, Lucas, R et al 2017, 'Epstein-Barr virus, Cytomegalovirus, the Hygeine Hypothesis and Multiple Sclerosis Susceptibility: A Multi-Ethnic Study', Neurology, vol. 88, no. 16 (supplement S44.007), pp. S44.007.
  • Odenthal C, Simpson S, Oughton J, van der Mei I, Rose S, Fripp J, Lucas RM, Taylor BV, Dear K, Ponsonby A-L, Coulthard A, and the Ausimmune and AusLong Investigator Groups. 2016, 'Midsagittal corpus callosum area and conversion to multiple sclerosis after clinically isolated syndrome: A multicentre Australian cohort study', Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology, pp. -.
  • Lim, S, Allen, K, Dandona, L et al 2016, 'Measuring the health-related Sustainable Development Goals in 188 countries: a baseline analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015', Lancet, The (UK edition), vol. 388, no. 10053, pp. 1813-1850.
  • Kassebaum, N, Arora, M, Barber, R et al 2016, 'Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 315 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE), 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015', Lancet, The (UK edition), vol. 388, no. 10053, pp. 1603-1658.
  • Wang, H, Naghavi, M, Allen, C et al 2016, 'Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015', Lancet, The (UK edition), vol. 388, no. 10053, pp. 1459-1544pp.
  • Black, L, Burrows, S, Lucas, R et al 2016, 'Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations and cardiometabolic risk factors in adolescents and young adults', British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 115, no. 11, pp. 1994-2002.
  • Lucas, R, Norval, M & Wright, C 2016, 'Solar ultraviolet radiation in Africa: A systematic review and critical evaluation of the health risks and use of photoprotection', Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 10-23.
  • Van Der Mei, I, Lucas, R, Taylor, B et al 2016, 'Population attributable fractions and joint effects of key risk factors for multiple sclerosis', Multiple Sclerosis, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 461-469.
  • Djaja, N, Janda, M, Lucas, R et al 2016, 'Self-Reported Changes in Sun-Protection Behaviors at Different Latitudes in Australia', Photochemistry and Photobiology, vol. 92, no. 3, pp. 495-502.
  • Black, L, Jacoby, P, Nowson, C et al 2016, 'Predictors of vitamin D-containing supplement use in the Australian population and associations between dose and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations', Nutrients, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. -.
  • Hoare, S, Lithander, F, Van Der Mei, I et al 2016, 'Higher intake of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids is associated with a decreased risk of a first clinical diagnosis of central nervous system demyelination: Results from the Ausimmune Study', Multiple Sclerosis, vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 884-892.
  • Simpson Jr, S, Tan, H, Otahal, P et al 2016, 'Anxiety, depression and fatigue at 5-year review following CNS demyelination', Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, vol. 134, no. 6, pp. 403-413.
  • Andrady, A, Aucamp, P, Austin, A et al 2016, 'Environmental effects of ozone depletion and its interactions with climate change: progress report, 2015', Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 141-174.
  • Pan, G, Simpson, S, Van Der Mei, I et al 2016, 'Role of genetic susceptibility variants in predicting clinical course in multiple sclerosis: A cohort study', Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 87, no. 11, pp. 1204-1211.
  • King, L, Dear, K, Harrison, S et al 2016, 'Investigating the patterns and determinants of seasonal variation in Vitamin D status in Australian adults: The Seasonal D Cohort Study', BMC Public Health, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. -.
  • Norval, M, Coussens, A, Wilkinson, R et al 2016, 'Vitamin D status and its consequences for health in South Africa', International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 13, no. 10, pp. 22PP.
  • King, L, Dear, K, Harrison, S et al 2016, 'Investigating the patterns and determinants of seasonal variation in Vitamin D status in Australian adults: The Seasonal D Cohort Study', BMC Public Health, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. -.
  • Smith CA, Sun C, Pezic A, Rodda C, Cameron F, Allen K, Craig ME, Carlin J, Dwyer T, Lucas, R, Eyles DW, kemp AS, Ellis JA, Ponsonby, A. 2017, 'Determinants of Neonatal Vitamin D Levels as Measured on Neonatal Dried Blood Spot Samples', Neonatology, vol. 111, no. 2, pp. 153-161.
  • Vos, T, Barber, R, Bell, B et al 2015, 'Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 301 acute and chronic diseases and injuries in 188 countries, 1990-2013: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013', Lancet, The (UK edition), vol. 386, no. 9995, pp. 743-800pp.
  • Waterhouse, M, Tran, B, Ebeling, P et al 2015, 'Effect of vitamin D supplementation on selected inflammatory biomarkers in older adults: a secondary analysis of data from a randomised, placebo-controlled trial', British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 114, no. 5, pp. 693-699.
  • Ding, N, Dear, K, Guo, S et al 2015, 'Tightrope walking: Using predictors of 25 (OH)D concentration based on multivariable linear regression to infer associations with health risks', PLOS ONE (Public Library of Science), vol. 10, no. 5, pp. e0125551-e0125551.
  • Spelman, T, Gray, O, Lucas, R et al 2015, 'A method of trigonometric modelling of seasonal variation demonstrated with multiple sclerosis relapse data', Journal of Visualized Experiments, vol. -, no. 106, pp. 1-10.
  • Geldenhuys, S, Mohammad, M, Li, H et al 2015, 'UV Irradiation of Skin Regulates a Murine Model of Multiple Sclerosis', Journal of Multiple Sclerosis, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 5pp.
  • Wyatt, C, Neale, R & Lucas, R 2015, 'Skin cancer and vitamin D: an update', Melanoma Management, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 51-61pp.
  • Andrady, A, Aucamp, P, Austin, A et al 2015, 'Environmental effects of ozone depletion and its interactions with climate change: 2014 assessment Executive Summary', Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 14-18pp.
  • Holmes, E, Xiang, F & Lucas, R 2015, 'Variation in incidence of pediatric Crohn's disease in relation to latitude and ambient ultraviolet radiation: A systematic review and analysis', Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 809-817.
  • Black, L, Anderson, D, Clarke, M et al 2015, 'Analytical bias in the measurement of serum 25-hydroxyVitamin D concentrations impairs assessment of Vitamin D status in clinical and research settings', PLOS ONE (Public Library of Science), vol. 10, no. 8.
  • Lucas, R, Byrne, S, Correale, J et al 2015, 'Ultraviolet radiation, vitamin D and multiple sclerosis', Neurodegenerative Disease Management, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 413-424.
  • Xiang, F, Lucas, R, de Gruijl, F et al 2015, 'A systematic review of the influence of skin pigmentation on changes in the concentrations of Vitamin D and 25-hydroxyVitamin D in plasma/serum following experimental UV irradiation', Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences, vol. 14, no. 12, pp. 2138-2146.
  • King, L, Xiang, F, Swaminathan, A et al 2015, 'Measuring sun exposure in epidemiological studies: Matching the method to the research question', Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, vol. 153, pp. 373-379.
  • Hartley, M, Hoare, S, Lithander, F et al 2015, 'Comparing the effects of sun exposure and vitamin D supplementation on vitamin D insufficiency, and immune and cardio-metabolic function: the Sun Exposure and Vitamin D Supplementation (SEDS) Study', BMC Public Health, vol. 15, pp. 115-115.
  • Xiang, F, Harrison, S, Nowak, M et al 2015, 'Weekend personal ultraviolet radiation exposure in four cities in Australia: Influence of temperature, humidity and ambient ultraviolet radiation', Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, vol. 143, pp. 74-81.
  • Guo, S, Lucas, R, Joshy, G et al 2015, 'Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factor Profiles of 263,356 Older Australians According to Region of Birth and Acculturation, with a Focus on Migrants Born in Asia', PLOS ONE (Public Library of Science), vol. 10, no. 2, pp. e0115627-e0115627.
  • Khalesi, M, Whiteman, D, Rosendahl, C et al 2015, 'Basal cell carcinomas on sun-protected vs. sun-exposed body sites: A comparison of phenotypic and environmental risk factors', Photodermatology Photoimmunology and Photomedicine, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 202-211.
  • Aucamp, P & Lucas, R 2015, 'Supplementary file: Questions and Answers about the environmental effects of the ozone layer depletion and climate change: 2014 update', Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. Supplementary file 1-52pp.
  • Lucas, R & Banwell, B 2015, 'Do prenatal sex hormones modulate MS risk?', Neurology, vol. 85, no. 14, pp. 1193-1194.
  • Lucas, R, Swaminathan, A & Dear, K 2015, 'Shining light on human immunity', in Colin Butler, Jane Dixon, Anthony Capon (ed.), Health of people, places and Planet, ANU Press, Canberra, pp. 145-156pp.
  • Global Burden of Disease Cancer Collaboration 2015, 'The Global Burden of Cancer 2013', JAMA Oncology
    , vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 505-527.
  • Global Burden of Disease collaborators (including Lucas RM) 2015, 'Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 306 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 188 countries, 1990-2013: Quantifying the epidemiological transition', Lancet, The (UK edition), vol. 386, no. 10009, pp. 2145-2191.
  • Global Burden of Disease et al 2015, 'Global, regional, and national age-sex specific all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 240 causes of death, 1990-2013: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013', Lancet, The (UK edition), vol. 385, no. 9963, pp. 117-171.
  • Hart P et al (including Lucas RM) 2015, 'Vitamin D in fetal development: Findings from a birth cohort study', Pediatrics (English edition), vol. 135, no. 1, pp. e167-e173.
  • Lucas, R 2015, Vitamin D deficiency, p. 1. https://www.nursinginpractice.com/article/vitamin-d-deficiency
  • Lucas, RM et al 2015, 'The consequences for human health of stratospheric ozone depletion in association with other environmental factors', Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 53-87.
  • Wyatt C, Lucas RM, Hurst, C et al 2015, 'Vitamin D Deficiency at Melanoma Diagnosis Is Associated with Higher Breslow thickness', PLOS ONE (Public Library of Science), vol. 10, no. 5.
  • Swaminathan, A, Lucas, R, Harley, D et al 2014, 'Will Global Climate Change Alter Fundamental Human Immune Reactivity: Implications for Child Health?', Children, vol. 1, pp. 403-423.
  • Swaminathan, A, Lucas, R & Harley, D 2014, 'Tribute to Professor Anthony J. McMichael', Children, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 457-460.
  • Yazar, S, Hewitt, A, Black, L et al 2014, 'Myopia is associated with lower vitamin D status in young adults', Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, vol. 55, no. 7, pp. 4552-4559.
  • Spelman, T, Gray, O, Trojano, M et al 2014, 'Seasonal variation of relapse rate in multiple sclerosis is latitude dependent', Annals of Neurology, vol. 76, no. 6, pp. 880-890.
  • Swaminathan, A, Lucas, R, Dear, K et al 2014, 'Keyhole limpet haemocyanin - A model antigen for human immunotoxicological studies', British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, vol. 78, no. 5, pp. 1135-1142.
  • Shore-Lorenti, C, Brennan, S, Sanders, K et al 2014, 'Shining the Light on Sunshine: A systematic review of the influence of sun exposure on type 2 diabetes mellitus-related outcomes', Clinical Endocrinology, vol. 81, no. 6, pp. 799-811.
  • Kimlin, M, Lucas, R, Harrison, S et al 2014, 'The contributions of solar ultraviolet radiation exposure and other determinants to serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations in Australian adults: The AusD study', American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 179, no. 7, pp. 864-874.
  • Guo, S, Lucas, R, Gies, P et al 2014, 'Sun exposure and vitamin D status as northeast asian migrants become acculturated to life in Australia', Photochemistry and Photobiology, vol. 90, no. 6, pp. 1455-1461.
  • Lucas, R, Gorman, S, Geldenhuys, S et al 2014, 'Vitamin D and immunity', F1000 Prime Reports, vol. 6, pp. 118-118.
  • Xiang, F, Lucas, R, Hales, S et al 2014, 'Incidence of nonmelanoma skin cancer in relation to ambient UV radiation in white populations, 1978-2012 empirical relationships', JAMA Dermatology, vol. 150, no. 10, pp. 1063-1071.
  • Lucas, R & Neale, R 2014, 'What is the optimal level of vitamin D?', Australian Family Physician, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 119-122.
  • Waterhouse, M, Tran, B, Armstrong, B et al 2014, 'Environmental, Personal, and Genetic Determinants of Response to Vitamin D Supplementation in Older Adults', Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 99, no. 7, pp. E1332-E1340.
  • Gresle, M, Liu, Y, Dagley, L et al 2014, 'Serum phosphorylated neurofilament-heavy chain levels in multiple sclerosis patients', Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, vol. 85, no. 11, pp. 1209-1213.
  • Sun, J, Lucas, R, Harrison, S et al 2014, 'Measuring exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation using a dosimetric technique: Understanding participant compliance issues', Photochemistry and Photobiology, vol. 90, no. 4, pp. 919-924.
  • Williamson, C, Zepp, R, Lucas, R et al 2014, 'Solar Ultraviolet Radiation in a Changing Climate', Nature Climate Change, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 434-441.
  • Neale, R & Lucas, R 2014, 'Vitamin D, health and the sun: finding the right balance', in Terry Slevin (ed.), Sun, Skin and Health, CSIRO Publishing, Canberra, pp. 137-154pp.
  • Sun H, Lucas, R et al. 2014, 'The relationship between ambient ultraviolet radiation (UVR) and objectively measured personal UVR exposure dose is modified by season and latitude', Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences, vol. 13, no. 12, pp. 1711-1718.
  • Lucas, R & Taylor, B 2013, 'Challenges in exposure and outcome definition in neuroepidemiology: the case of vitamin D and multiple sclerosis', Australasian Epidemiologist, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 4-8.
  • Guo, S, Lucas, R, Ponsonby, A et al 2013, 'A Novel Approach for Prediction of Vitamin D Status Using Support Vector Regression', PLOS ONE (Public Library of Science), vol. 8, no. 11.
  • Valery, P, Lucas, R, Williams, D et al 2013, 'Occupational Exposure and Risk of Central Nervous System Demyelination', American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 177, no. 9, pp. 954-961.
  • Gatenby, P, Lucas, R & Swaminathan, A 2013, 'Vitamin D deficiency and risk for rheumatic diseases: an update', Current Opinion in Rheumatology, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 184-191.
  • Ralph, A, Lucas, R & Norval, M 2013, 'Vitamin D and solar ultraviolet radiation in the risk and treatment of tuberculosis', The Lancet Infectious Diseases, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 77-88.
  • Ralph, A & Lucas, R 2013, 'Vitamin D and tuberculosis: Hope or hype?', Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 199, no. 10, pp. 648-649.
  • Wood, B, Van Der Mei, I, Ponsonby, A et al 2013, 'Prevalence and concurrence of anxiety, depression and fatigue over time in multiple sclerosis', Multiple Sclerosis, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 217-224.
  • Cargill, J, Lucas, R, Gies, P et al 2013, 'Validation of brief questionnaire measures of sun exposure and skin pigmentation against detailed and objective measures including vitamin D status', Photochemistry and Photobiology, vol. 89, no. 1, pp. 219-226.
  • Disanto, G, Hall, C, Lucas, R et al 2013, 'Assessing interactions between HLA-DRB115 and infectious mononucleosis on the risk of multiple sclerosis', Multiple Sclerosis, vol. 19, no. 10, pp. 1355-1358.
  • Taylor, B, Palmer, A, Simpson, S et al 2013, 'Assessing possible selection bias in a national voluntary MS longitudinal study in Australia', Multiple Sclerosis, vol. 19, no. 12, pp. 1627- 1631.
  • Hewer, S, Lucas, R, Van Der Mei, I et al 2013, 'Vitamin D and multiple sclerosis', Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 634-641.
  • Lucas, R, Xiang, F & Ponsonby, A 2013, 'Vitamin D sufficiency in pregnancy', BMJ - British Medical Journal, vol. 346, no. f1675, pp. f1675-f1675.
  • Pezic, A, Ponsonby, A, Cameron, F et al 2013, 'Constitutive and relative facultative skin pigmentation among Victorian children including comparison of two visual skin charts for determining constitutive melanin density', Photochemistry and Photobiology, vol. 89, no. 3, pp. 714-723.
  • Lucas, R, Valery, P, Van Der Mei, I et al 2013, 'Sun exposure over a lifetime in australian adults from latitudinally diverse regions', Photochemistry and Photobiology, vol. 89, no. 3, pp. 737-744.
  • Toi, C, Lay, M, Lucas, R et al 2013, 'Varicella zoster virus quantitation in blood from symptomatic and asymptomatic individuals', Journal of Medical Virology, vol. 85, no. 8, pp. 1491-1497.
  • Brodie, A, Lucas, R, Harrison, S et al 2013, 'The AusD study: A population-based study of the determinants of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration across a broad latitude range', American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 177, no. 9, pp. 894-903.
  • Tran, B, Armstrong, B, McGeechan, K et al 2013, 'Predicting vitamin D deficiency in older Australian adults', Clinical Endocrinology, vol. 79, no. 5, pp. 631-640.
  • Ponsonby, A, Lucas, R, Dear, K et al 2013, 'The physical anthropometry, lifestyle habits and blood pressure of people presenting with a first clinical demyelinating event compared to controls: The Ausimmune study', Multiple Sclerosis, vol. 19, no. 13, pp. 1717-1725.
  • Hughes AM, Lucas R, McMichael A. et al 2013, 'Early-life hygiene-related factors differentially affect risk of central nervous system demyelination and asthma', Clinical and Experimental Immunology, vol. 172, no. 3, pp. 466-472.
  • Lai, J, Lucas, R, Armstrong, M et al 2013, 'Prospective observational study of physical functioning, physical activity and time outdoors and the risk of hip fracture: A population based cohort study of 158 057 older adults in the 45 and Up Study.
    ', Journal of Bone and Mineral Research (accepted 27 March)
  • Lucas, R., Ponsonby, A-L et al. 2013, 'Vitamin D status: multifactorial contribution of environment, genes and other factors in healthy Australian adults across a latitude gradient', Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2013;136:300-8
  • Tran, B., Whiteman, DC., Webb, PM., Fritschi, L., Fawcett, J., Risch, HA., Lucas, RM., Pandeya, N., Schulte, A., Neale, RE. 2013, 'Association between ultraviolet radiation, skin sun sensitivity and risk of pancreatic cancer', Cancer Epidemiology, vol. 26, pp. S1877-7821(13)00136-7.
  • Xiang, F., Lucas, R 2013, 'Health risks of Vitamin D Deficiency in Pregnancy', Agro Food Industry High Tech, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 11-13.
  • Tremlett, H & Lucas, R 2012, 'The risks for falls and fractures in multiple sclerosis', Neurology, vol. 78, no. 24, pp. 1902-1903.
  • Curley, M, Josey, L, Lucas, R et al 2012, 'Adherence to MRI protocol consensus guidelines in multiple sclerosis: An Australian multi-centre study', Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology, vol. 56, no. 6, pp. 594-598.
  • Josey, L, Curley, M, Mousavi, F et al 2012, 'Imaging and diagnostic criteria for Multiple Sclerosis: Are we there yet?', Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology, vol. 56, no. 6, pp. 588-593.
  • Thomas, P, Swaminathan, A & Lucas, R 2012, 'Climate change and health with an emphasis on interactions with ultraviolet radiation: A review', Global Change Biology, vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 2392-2405.
  • Lay, M, Lucas, R, Toi, C et al 2012, 'Epstein-Barr virus genotypes and strains in central nervous system demyelinating disease and Epstein-Barr virus-related illnesses in Australia', Intervirology, vol. 55, no. 5, pp. 372-379.
  • Ponsonby, A, Lucas, R, Van Der Mei, I et al 2012, 'Offspring number, pregnancy, and risk of a first clinical demyelinating event the ausimmune study', Neurology, vol. 78, no. 12, pp. 867-874.
  • Lai, J, Lucas, R, Ponsonby, A et al 2012, 'Variability in vitamin D assays impairs clinical assessment of vitamin D status', Internal Medicine Journal, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 43-50.
  • Lucas, R & Taylor, B 2012, 'Epstein-Barr virus infection A smoking gun for multiple sclerosis?', Neurology, vol. 79, no. 13, pp. 1310-1311.
  • O'Gorman, C, Lucas, R & Taylor, B 2012, 'Environmental Risk Factors for Multiple Sclerosis: A Review with a Focus on Molecular Mechanisms', International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 11718-11752.
  • Tran, B, Lucas, R, Kimlin, M et al 2012, 'Association Between Ambient Ultraviolet Radiation and Risk of Esophageal Cancer', American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 107, no. 12, pp. 1803-1813.
  • Tran, B, Jordan, S, Lucas, R et al 2012, 'Association between Ambient Ultraviolet Radiation and Risk of Epithelial Ovarian Cancer', Cancer Prevention Research, vol. 5, no. 11, pp. 1330-1336.
  • Lucas, R, Lai, J, Ponsonby, A et al 2012, 'Reply', Internal Medicine Journal, vol. 42, no. 8, pp. 961-962.
  • Lucas, R, Banks, E, Ponsonby, A et al 2012, 'Reply: High variability in the measurement of vitamin D levels is the key clinical issue', Internal Medicine Journal, vol. 42, no. 8, pp. 961-962pp.
  • Andrady, AL., Aucamp, PJ., et al (including Lucas, RM) 2012, 'Environmental effects of ozone depletion and its interactions with climate change: progress report, 2011', Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 13-27.
  • Ponsonby A-L., Lucas RM., van der Mei I., Dear K., Valery PC., Pender MP., Taylor BV., Kilpatrick TJ., Coulthard A., Chapman C., Williams D., McMichael AJ., Dwyer T. Offspring number, pregnancy and risk of a first clinical demyelinating event: the Ausimmune study. Neurology 2012; 78(12):867-74
  • Sempos, C., Coates, P., et al (including Lucas, RM) 2012, 'Vitamin D status as an international issue: National surveys and the problem of standardization', Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation, vol. 2012, no. 72( Suppl 243), pp. 32-40.
  • Lucas, R, Ponsonby, A, Dear, K et al 2011, 'Current and past Epstein-Barr virus infection in risk of initial CNS demyelination', Neurology, vol. 77, no. 4, pp. 371-379.
  • Lucas, R & Gies, P 2011, 'Stratospheric Ozone', in Jerome O. Nriagu (ed.), Encyclopedia of Environmental Health, Elsevier, Online, pp. 249-263pp.
  • Andrady, A, Aucamp, P, Bais, P et al 2011, 'Environmental effects of ozone depletion and its interactions with climate change: 2010 assessment Executive summary', Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 178-181.
  • Ponsonby, A & Lucas, R 2011, 'Shift Work and Multiple Sclerosis', Annals of Neurology, vol. 70, no. 5, pp. 680-683.
  • Aucamp, P, Bjorn, L & Lucas, R 2011, 'Questions and answers about the environmental effects of ozone depletion and its interactions with climate change: 2010 assessment', Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 301-316.
  • Norval, M, Lucas, R, Cullen, A et al 2011, 'The human health effects of ozone depletion and interactions with climate change', Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 199-225.
  • Lucas, R 2011, 'An Epidemiological Perspective of Ultraviolet Exposure-Public Health Concerns', Eye and Contact Lens, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 168-175.
  • Hales, S, Lucas, R & McMichael, A 2011, 'Global Environmental Hazards', in Barry S. Levy, David H. Wegman, Sherry L. Baron, Rosemary K. Sokas (ed.), Occupational and Environmental Health: Recognizing and Preventing Disease and Injury (Sixth Edition), Oxford University Press, New York US, pp. 98-120.
  • Lucas, R 2011, 'Determinants of vitamin D status in the Australian population', AEA 2011: Combining Tradition and Innovation, Australasian Epidemiological Association, Queensland Australia, p. 65.
  • Lucas, R, Cargill, J & Swaminathan, A 2011, 'Measuring sun exposure: matching the method to the research question', AEA 2011: Combining Tradition and Innovation, Australasian Epidemiological Association, Queensland Australia, pp. 100pp.
  • Lucas, R, Ponsonby, A, Valery, P et al 2011, 'Sun exposure and vitamin D are independent risk factors for CNS demyelination (correspondence)', Neurology, vol. 77, no. 14, pp. 1405-1406.
  • Lucas R, Hughes AM, Lay M, et al 2011, 'Epstein-Barr virus and multiple sclerosis', Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 82, no. 10, pp. 1142-1148.
  • Lucas RM and Gies P (2011) Stratospheric Ozone. In: Nriagu JO (ed.) Encyclopedia of Environmental Health, volume 5, pp. 249â??263 Burlington: Elsevier.
  • Lucas RM., Ponsonby A-L., Dear K., et al. Current and past Epstein-Barr virus infection in risk of initial CNS demyelination. Neurology 2011; 77(4):371-9
  • Lucas, R, Ponsonby, A, Dear, K et al (McMichael A) 2011, 'Sun exposure and vitamin D are independent risk factors for CNS demyelination', Neurology, vol. 76, no. 6, pp. 540-548.
  • Lucas, R, Swaminathan, A & Ponsonby, A 2011, 'Could vitamin D be the key to preventing multiple sclerosis?', Neurodegenerative Disease Management, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 179-182.
  • McMichael A.J., Hales S and Lucas RM. Global Environmental Hazards, in Occupational and Environmental Health, D. Wegman, et al., (eds). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia 2011.
  • Ponsonby A-L., Hughes AM, Lucas RM. The hygiene hypothesis and the development of multiple sclerosis. Neurodegenerative Disease Management 2011; 1(4):285-294
  • Posonby A-L, Hughes AM & Lucas R 2011, The hygiene hypothesis and the development of multiple sclerosis. Neurodegenerative Disease Management, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 285-94.
  • Lucas, R, Bambrick, H, Gatenby, P et al 2010, 'Recruiting Child Controls', Epidemiology, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 271-272.
  • Geller, A, Greinert, R, Sinclair, C et al 2010, 'A nationwide population-based skin cancer screening in Germany: Proceedings of the first meeting of the International Task Force on Skin Cancer Screening and Prevention (September 24 and 25, 2009)', Cancer Epidemiology, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 355-358.
  • Ponsonby, A, Lucas, R, Van Der Mei, I et al 2010, 'Investigation of the role of pregnancy and exposure to biological children in the onset of central nervous system demyelination', Multiple Sclerosis, vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 1007-1008.
  • Ponsonby, A, Staples, J, Lim, L et al 2010, 'Some Recent Findings on the Environment and Multiple Sclerosis from Australian Studies', 2nd Pan-Asian Committee for Research and Treatment in Multiple Sclerosis (PACTRIMS), SAGE Publications, United Kingdom, p. 259.
  • Lucas, R 2010, 'Vitamin D, past sun exposure & skin phenotype in risk of central nervous system demyelination', UV Radiation and its Effects, National Institute of Water and Atomspheric, Wellington New Zealand, pp. 49-50.
  • Lucas, R, Ponsonby, A, Burrows, J, McMichael A, et al 2010, 'Epstein Barr viral infection and onset of central nervous system demyelination', Multiple Sclerosis: clinical and laboratory research, vol. 16, no. 8, p. 1007.
  • Lucas, R, Ponsonby, A, Dear, K et al 2009, 'Lower vitamin D status at first clinical diagnosis of central nervous system demyelination compared to matched controls', 14th Annual Meeting of the Americas Committee for Treatment and Research in Multiple Sclerosis/Consortium for Multiple Sclerosis Centers, SAGE Publications, United Kingdom, p. 1393.
  • Hughes AM, Lucas R, Ponsonby A-L et al 2010, 'The role of latitude, ultraviolet radiation exposure and vitamin D in childhood asthma and hayfever: an Australian multicenter study', Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, vol. online: 30 SEP 2010, pp. 8pp.
  • Lay, M, Lucas, R, Ratnamohan, M et al 2010, 'Measurement of Epstein-Barr virus DNA load using a novel quantification standard containing two EBV DNA targets and SYBR Green I dye', Virology Journal, vol. 7, no. 252, pp. 252-252.
  • Lewis, S, Lucas, R, Halliday, J et al 2010, 'Vitamin D deficiency and pregnancy: From preconception to birth', Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, vol. 54, no. 8, pp. 1092-1102.
  • Taylor, B, Lucas, R, Dear, K et al 2010, 'Latitudinal variation in incidence and type of first central nervous system demyelinating events', Multiple Sclerosis, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 398-405.
  • Lucas, R 2010, Solar ultraviolet radiation: Assessing the environmental burden of disease at national and local levels, World Health Organization (WHO Press), Geneva Switzerland.
  • Kjellstrom, T, Butler, A, Lucas, R et al 2010, 'Public health impact of global heating due to climate change: potential effects on chronic non-communicable diseases', International Journal of Public Health, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 97-103.
  • Elliott, J, Lucas, R, Clements, M et al 2010, 'Population density determines the direction of the association between ambient ultraviolet radiation and type 1 diabetes incidence', Pediatric Diabetes, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 394-402.
  • Lai, J, Lucas, R, Clements, M et al 2010, 'Hip fracture risk in relation to vitamin D supplementation and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials and observational studies', BMC Public Health, vol. 10, no. 331, p. 17.
  • Lai, J, Lucas, R, Clements, M et al 2010, 'Assessing vitamin D status: Pitfalls for the unwary', Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, vol. 54, no. 8, pp. 1062-1071.
  • Ponsonby, A, Lucas, R, Lewis, S et al 2010, 'Vitamin D status during pregnancy and aspects of offspring health', Nutrients, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 389-407.
  • Gatenby, P, Lucas, R, Engelsen, O et al 2009, 'Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody - Associated Vasculitides: Could Geographic Patterns Be Explained by Ambient Ultraviolet Radiation?', Arthritis & Rheumatism, vol. 61, no. 10, pp. 1417-1424.
  • Lucas, R, Ponsonby, A, Dear, K et al 2009, 'Associations between Silicone Skin Cast Score, Cumulative Sun Exposure, and Other Factors in the Ausimmune Study: A Multicenter Australian Study', Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention, vol. 18, pp. 2887-2894.
  • Lucas, R, Ponsonby, A, Pasco, J et al 2008, 'Future health implications of prenatal and early life vitamin D status', Nutrition Reviews, vol. 66, no. 12, pp. 710-720.
  • Lucas, R, McMichael, A, Armstrong, B et al 2008, 'Estimating the global disease burden due to ultraviolet radiation exposure', International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 654-667.
  • Lucas, R, Dear, K & Ponsonby, A 2007, 'Mid Life Stress is associated with both up- and down-regulation of markers of humoral and cellular immunity', Stress, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 351-361.
  • Lucas, R 2007, 'Editorial: Critically evaluating the evidence: risk versus benefit for sun exposure', Expert Review of Dermatology, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. tba.
  • Lucas, R, Ponsonby, A, McMichael, A et al 2007, 'Observational analytic studies in multiple sclerosis: controlling bias through study design and conduct. The Australian Multicentre Study of Environment and Immune Function', Multiple Sclerosis, vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 827-39.
  • van der Mei, I, Ponsonby, A, Engelsen, O et al 2007, 'The High Prevalence of Vitamin D Insufficiency across Australian Populations Is Only Partly Explained by Season and Latitude', Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 115, no. 8, pp. 1132-39.
  • Lucas, R 2007, 'Prenatal Vitamin D: a risk factor for chronic disease?', International Conference on Fetal Programming and Developmental Toxicity, ed. Grandjean, Phillipe, Nordic Pharmacological Society, Faroe Islands.
  • Norval, M, Cullen, A, de Gruijl, F et al 2007, 'The effects on human health from stratospheric ozone depletion and its interactions with climate change', Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 232-251.
  • Lucas, R, Repacholi, M & McMichael, A 2006, 'Is the current public health message on UVR exposure correct?', Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 84, no. 6, pp. 485-491.
  • Samanek, A, Croager, E, Gies, P et al 2006, 'Estimates of beneficial and harmful sun exposure times during the year for major Australian population centres', Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 184, no. 7, pp. 338-341.
  • Lucas, R, McMichael, A, Smith, W et al 2006, Solar Ultraviolet Radiation: Global burden of disease from solar ultraviolet radiation, World Health Organization (WHO Press), Geneva Switzerland.
  • Lucas, R, McMichael, A, Smith, W et al 2006, 'The global burden of disease due to UVR exposure', in R McKenzie (ed.), UV radiation and its effects: an update 2006: report of the NIWA UV Workshop, Royal Society of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand, pp. 67-68.
  • Lucas, R, Ponsonby, A & van der Mei, I 2006, 'Vitamin D, UVR and three autoimmune diseases: an update', in R McKenzie (ed.), UV radiation and its effects: an update 2006: report of the NIWA UV Workshop, Royal Society of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand, pp. 89-90.
  • Lucas, R & Ponsonby, A 2006, 'Considering the potential benefits as well as adverse effects of sun exposure: can all the potential benefits be provided by oral vitamin D supplementation?', Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology, vol. 92, no. 1, pp. 140-149.
  • McMichael, A, Hales, S & Lucas, R 2006, 'Global environmental changes', in Levy, Barry et al. (ed.), Occupational and environmental health: recognizing and preventing disease and injury (5th ed), Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, pp. 451-467.
  • Lucas, R & McMichael, A 2005, 'Stratospheric ozone depletion: successful responses to a global environmental insult', in Kristie L. Ebi, Joel B. Smith and Ian Burton (ed.), Integration of Public Health with Adaptation to Climate Change: Lessons Learned and New Directions, Swets Zeitlinger BV, Lisse, The Netherlands, pp. 215-241.
  • Ponsonby, A, Lucas, R & van der Mei, I 2005, 'UVR, Vitamin D and three autoimmune diseases - Multiple Sclerosis, Type 1 Diabetes, Rheumatoid Arthritis', Photochemistry and Photobiology, vol. 81, no. 6, pp. 1267-1275.
  • Lucas, R & McMichael, A 2005, 'Association or causation: evaluating links between environment and disease', Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 83, no. 10, pp. 792-795.
  • McMichael, A, Lucas, R, Ponsonby, A et al 2003, 'Stratospheric ozone depletion, ultraviolet radiation and health', in McMichael AJ, Campbell-Lendrum DH, Corvalan CF, Ebi KL, Githeko AK, Scheraga JD, (ed.), Climate change and human health: risks and responses, World Health Organization (WHO Press), Geneva, p. 159180.
  • Lucas, R & Ponsonby, A 2002, 'Ultraviolet radiation and health: friend and foe', Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 177, no. 2, pp. 594-598.