System thinking approach to evidence informed mental health care

Mental health policy makers face complex decisions, which must be justified by a deep knowledge of the health system and the assessment of the different choices. Evidence-informed health policy uses scientific evidence to support policy-makers in decisions that have greater efficiency, equality and effectiveness. In this context, systems thinking approach views the health system as a whole rather than its individual component parts, and takes into account behaviour of systems over time and their complexity. This research aims to:

  • develop taxonomies to classify mental health interventions, professionals and services in health systems, in order to know the accurate provision and performance by allowing comparisons between systems, and
  • gather tested methodologies from different scientific fields, which improves knowledge of mental healthcare systems, and guide their improvement based on evidence.