Dr Richard Burns



Research interests

  • wellbeing and mental health
  • the role of vigour and engagement in healthy ageing
  • attitudes of self and their impact on achievement and interpersonal processes
  • organisational climate and employee wellbeing
  • research methods and longitudinal analysis.



  • Burns, R 2019, 'Age-Related Differences in the Factor Structure of Multiple Wellbeing Indicators in a Large Multinational European Survey [IN PRESS]', Journal of Happiness Studies, vol. Online, pp. 1-16pp.
  • Burns, R, French, D, Luszcz, M et al 2019, 'Heterogeneity in the Health and Functional Capacity of Adults Aged 85+ as Risk for Mortality', Journal of American Geriatrics Society, vol. 67, pp. 1036-1042pp.
  • Burns, R, Crisp, D & Burns, R 2019, 'Reâ€?examining the reciprocal effects model of selfâ€?concept, selfâ€?efficacy, and academic achievement in a comparison of the Crossâ€?Lagged Panel and Randomâ€?Intercept Crossâ€?Lagged Panel frameworks [IN PRESS]', British Journal of Educational Psychology, vol. Online, pp. 1-15pp.
  • Burns, R 2018, 'The Utility of Between-Nation Subjective Wellbeing Comparisons Amongst Nations Within the European Social Survey
    ', Journal of Happiness Studies, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 683-705.
  • Culverhouse, R, Saccone, N, Horton, A et al 2018, 'Collaborative meta-Analysis finds no evidence of a strong interaction between stress and 5-HTTLPR genotype contributing to the development of depression', Molecular Psychiatry, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 133-142pp.
  • Burns, R, Crisp, D & Burns, R 2018, 'Competence and affect dimensions of self-concept among higher education students: a factorial validation study of an academic subject-specific self-concept', European Journal of Psychology of Education, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 649-663pp.
  • Voce, A, McKetin, R, Burns, R et al 2018, 'The relationship between illicit amphetamine use and psychiatric symptom profiles in schizophrenia and affective psychoses', Psychiatry Research, vol. 265, pp. 19-24.
  • Walsh, E, Burns, R, Abhayaratna, W et al 2018, 'Physical Activity and Blood Glucose Effects on Weight Gain Over 12 Years in Middle-Aged Adults', Journal of Obesity and Chronic Diseases, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 20-25.
  • Burns, R, Butterworth, P & Jorm, A 2018, 'The long-term mental health risk associated with non-heterosexual orientation', Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 74-83.
  • Ashby-Mitchell, K, Burns, R & Anstey, K 2018, 'The proportion of dementia attributable to common modifiable lifestyle factors in Barbados', Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica/Pan American Journal of Public Health, vol. 42, pp. 1-7.
  • Ashby-Mitchell, K, Burns, R, Shaw, J et al 2017, 'Proportion of dementia in Australia explained by common modifiable risk factors', Alzheimer's Research and Therapy, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 8pp.
  • MacKinlay, E & Burns, R 2017, 'Spirituality promotes better health outcomes and lowers anxiety about aging: The importance of spiritual dimensions for baby boomers as they enter older adulthood', Journal of Religion, Spirituality and Aging, pp. 1-18pp.
  • Mortby, M, Burns, R, Eramudugolla, R et al 2017, 'Neuropsychiatric Symptoms and Cognitive Impairment: Understanding the Importance of Co-Morbid Symptoms', Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 141-153pp..
  • Burns, R., Browning, C. and Kendig, H. 2017. 'Living well with chronic disease for those older adults living in the community', International Psychogeriatrics, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 835-843.
  • Burns, R., Loh, V., Byles, J. and Kendig, H. 2017. 'The impact of childhood parental quality on mental health outcomes in older adults', Aging & Mental. doi: 10.1080/13607863.2017.1317331
  • Liu, D, Fairweather-Schmidt, K, Burns, R et al 2016, 'Psychological Resilience Provides No Independent Protection From Suicidal Risk', The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 130-139pp.
  • Burns, R, Butterworth, P & Anstey, K 2016, 'An examination of the long-term impact of job strain on mental health and wellbeing over a 12-year period', Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, vol. 51, no. 5, pp. 725-733.
  • McKetin, R, Dawe, S, Burns, R et al 2016, 'The profile of psychiatric symptoms exacerbated by methamphetamine use', Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 161, pp. 104-109.
  • Burns, R & Browning, C 2016, 'Wellbeing and its improvability as a national goal', in H. Kendig, P. McDonald and J. Piggott (ed.), Population Ageing and Australia's Future, ANU Press, Canberra, pp. 205-230.
  • Liu, D, Fairweather-Schmidt, A, Burns, R et al 2016, 'Psychological resilience provides no independent protection from suicidal risk', Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention
    , vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 130-139.
  • Burns, R 2016, 'Sex and age trends in Australia's suicide rate over the last decade: Something is still seriously wrong with men in middle and late life', Psychiatry Research, vol. 245, pp. 224-229.
  • Liu, D, Fairweather-Schmidt, A, Burns, R et al 2016, 'The utility of non-specific measures of resilience across the lifespan: An investigation of structural invariance across gender and age cohorts', Australian Journal of Psychology, vol. 68, no. 1, pp. 3-10.
  • Anstey, K, Bahar-Fuchs, A, Herath, P et al 2015, 'Body brain life: A randomized controlled trial of an online dementia risk reduction intervention in middle-aged adults at risk of Alzheimer's disease', Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 72-80.
  • Burns, R, Byles, J, Magliano, D et al 2015, 'The utility of estimating population-level trajectories of terminal wellbeing decline within a growth mixture modelling framework', Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 479-487.
  • Bousman, C, McKetin, R, Burns, R et al 2015, 'Typologies of positive psychotic symptoms in methamphetamine dependence', The American Journal on Addictions, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 94-97.
  • Burns, R, Butterworth, P, Browning, C et al 2015, 'Examination of the association between mental health, morbidity, and mortality in late life: findings from longitudinal community surveys', International Psychogeriatrics, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 739-746.
  • Liu, D, Fairweather-Schmidt, A, Burns, R et al 2015, 'The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale: Establishing Invariance Between Gender Across the Lifespan in a Large Community Based Study', Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 340-348.
  • Burns, R & Ma, J 2015, 'Examining the association between psychological wellbeing with daily and intra-individual variation in subjective wellbeing', Personality and Individual Differences, vol. 82, pp. 34-39.
  • Kiely, K, Burns, R & Anstey, K 2015, 'Dynamic Analyses to Optimise Ageing (DYNOPTA)', in N. A. Pachana (ed.), Encyclopedia of Geropsychology, Springer Science + Business Media, Singapore, pp. 1-7pp.
  • Burns, R., Browning, C. and Kendig, H. 2015. 'Examining the 16-year trajectories of mental health and wellbeing through the transition into widowhood', International Psychogeriatrics, vol. 27, no. 12, pp. 1979-1986.
  • Burns, R, Mitchell, P, Shaw, J et al 2014, 'Trajectories of Terminal Decline in the Well-Being of Older Women: The DYNOPTA Project', Psychology and Aging, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 44-56.
  • Sargent-Cox, K, Rippon, M & Burns, R 2014, 'Measuring Anxiety About Aging across the Adult Lifespan', International Psychogeriatrics, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 135-145.
  • Liu, D, Fairweather-Schmidt, K, Burns, R et al 2014, 'Does Resilience Predict Suicidality? A Lifespan Analysis', Archives of Suicide Research, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 453-464.
  • Burns, R, Sargent-Cox, K, Mitchell, P et al 2014, 'An examination of the effects of intra and inter-individual changes in wellbeing and mental health on self-rated health in a population study of middle and older-aged adults', Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, vol. 49, no. 11, pp. 1849-1858.
  • Mortby, M, Burns, R, Janke, A et al 2014, 'Relating education, brain structure, and cognition: The role of cardiovascular disease risk factors', BioMed Research International, vol. Online early version 2014, pp. 271487-271487.
  • Sims, J, Birrell, C, Hunt, S et al 2014, 'Prevalence of physical activity behaviour in older people: Findings from the Dynamic Analyses to Optimise Ageing (DYNOPTA) project and Australian national survey data', Australasian Journal on Ageing, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 105-113.
  • Tait, R, Burns, R, French, D et al 2013, 'Alcohol, hospital admissions, and falls in older adults: A longitudinal evaluation', International Psychogeriatrics, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 901-912.
  • Burns, R, Butterworth, P, Luszcz, M et al 2013, 'Stability and change in level of probable depression and depressive symptoms in a sample of middle and older-aged adults', International Psychogeriatrics, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 303-309.
  • Burns, R, Birrell, C, Steel, D et al 2013, 'Alcohol and smoking consumption behaviours in older Australian Adults: Prevalence, period and socio-demographic differentials in the DYNOPTA sample', Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 493-502.
  • Windsor, T, Burns, R & Byles, J 2013, 'Age, Physical Functioning, and Affect in Midlife and Older Adulthood', Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, vol. 68, no. 3, pp. 395-399.
  • Burns, R & Machin, A 2013, 'Psychological wellbeing and the diathesis-stress hypothesis model: The role of psychological functioning and quality of relations in promoting subjective well-being in a life events study', Personality and Individual Differences, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 321-326.
  • Burns, R & Machin, A 2013, 'Employee and Workplace Well-being: A Multi-level Analysis of Teacher Personality and Organizational Climate in Norwegian Teachers from Rural, Urban and City Schools', Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 309-324.
  • Burns, R, Luszcz, M, Kiely, KM et al 2013, 'Gender differences in the trajectories of late-life depressive symptomology and probable depression in the years prior to death.', International Psychogeriatrics, vol. in press.
  • Burns, R, Butterworth, P, Windsor, T et al 2012, 'Deriving prevalence estimates of depressive symptoms throughout middle and old age in those living in the community', International Psychogeriatrics, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 503-511.
  • Burns, R.A., Byles, J., Mitchell, P. & Anstey, K.J. (2012). Positive components of mental health provide significant protection against likelihood of falling in older females over a 13 year period. International Psychogeriatrics. 24(9):1419-28.
  • Burns, R.A. & Machin, A.M (2012). Moving beyond the pleasure principle: Within and between-occasion effects of employee Eudaimonia within a school organizational climate context. Journal of Vocational Behaviour. Vol. 80: 118â??128. doi:10.1016/j.jvb.2011.04.007
  • Tait, R, French, D, Burns, R et al 2012, 'Alcohol use and depression from middle age to the oldest old: gender is more important than age', International Psychogeriatrics, vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 1275-1283.
  • Anstey KJ, Bielak AMM, Birrell CL, Browning CJ, Burns RA, Byles J, Kiely KM, et al. (2011). 'Understanding ageing in older Australians: The contribution of the DYNOPTA project to the evidence base and policy. Australasian Journal on Ageing. vol. 30 (suppl 2), 24-31.
  • Bunce, D., Anstey, K.J., Burns, R.A., Christensen, H. & Eastel, S. (2011). Does possession of apolipoprotein E varepsilon4 benefit cognitive function in healthy young adults?, Neuropsychologia, vol. 49, pp. 1693-1697.
  • Burns, R.A., Anstey, K.J., Windsor, T.D. (2011) Subjective well-being mediates the effects of resilience and mastery on depression and anxiety in a large community sample of young and middle-aged adults. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry. Vol. 45, No. 3, 240-248. doi:10.3109/00048674.2010.529604
  • Burns RA, Butterworth P, Kiely KM, et al. (2011). 'Testing the efficacy of a multiple Imputation model in the harmonisation of 9 longitudinal studies of ageing'. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, vol. 64(7), pp. 787-793.
  • Anstey KJ, Burns RA, Birrell CL., Steel D, Kiely KM, & Luszcz MA. (2010). 'Estimates of probable dementia prevalence from population-based surveys compared with dementia prevalence estimates based on meta-analyses'. BMC Neurology 10:62. doi:10.1186/1471-2377-10-62
  • Anstey KJ, Byles JE, Luszcz MA, Mitchell P, Steel D, Booth H, Browning C, Butterworth P, Cumming R, Healy J, Windsor TD, Ross L, Bartsch L, Burns RA, Kiely KM, Birrell CL, Broe GA, Shaw J, & Kendig H. (2010). 'Cohort profile: The Dynamic Analyses to Optimize Ageing (DYNOPTA) project'. International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 39(1), pp. 44-51.
  • Bunce, D., Anstey, K.J. Cherbuin, N., Christensen, H., Burns, R.A., Wen, W. Sachdev, P. (2010). Cognitive deficits are associated with frontal and temporal lobe white matter lesions in middle-aged adults living in the community. PLoS ONE, 5: 10, e13567.
  • Burns, R. A., & Anstey, K. J. (2010) The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC): Testing the invariance of a uni-dimensional resilience measure that is independent of positive and negative affect. Personality and Individual Differences, 48, 527-531. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2009.11.026*
  • Burns, R. A., & Machin, M. A. (2010). Identifying gender differences in the independent effects of personality and psychological well-being on two broad affect components of subjective well-being. Personality and Individual Differences, 48, 22-27.
  • Anstey, K. J., Burns, R., Butterworth, P., Windsor, T. D., Christensen, H., & Sachdev, P. (2009). Cardiovascular risk factors and life events as antecedents of depressive symptoms in middle and early-old age: The Path Through Life Study. Psychosomatic Medicine. vol. 71 no. 9 937-943. doi:10.1097/PSY.0b013e3181beab60
  • Anstey, K., Cherbuin, N., & Burns, R. (2009).Medical Conditions and APOE as predictors of subtle cognitive change in mid-life and early-old age: The PATH Through Life Study. Gerontologist, 49: 283-283 Suppl. 2
  • Burns, R. A., & Machin, M. A. (2009). Investigating the structural validity of Ryff's Psychological Well-Being scales across two samples. Social Indicators Research, 93(2), 359-375. DOI: 10.1007/s11205-008-9329-1
  • Anstey, K. J., Burns, R., von Sanden, C., & Luszcz, M. A. (2008). Psychological wellbeing is an independent predictor of falling in an 8-year follow-up of older adults. Journal of Gerontology B: Psychological Sciences. 63: 249-257.
  • Anstey, K. J., Cherbuin, N., Christensen, H., Burns, R., Reglade-Meslin, C., Salim, A., Kumar, R., Jorm, A. F., Sachdev, P. (2008) Follow-up of Mild Cognitive Impairment and Related Disorders Over 4 years in Adults in Their Sixties: The PATH Through Life Study. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders. 26:226-233.
  • Burns, R & Burns, R 2008, Business Research Methods and Statistics Using SPSS, Sage Publications Inc, London.
  • Anstey, K.J., Butterworth, P., Booth, H., Windsor, T.D., Burns, R., Simons, L.A., Sargent-Cox, K., Byles, J.E., Luzcz, M.A., Gibson, R., von Sanden C., Christensen, H., Shaw, J.E., Broe, G.A., Browning, C., Mitchell, P., Cumming, R.G., & Kendig, H. (2007) The Value of Comparing Health Outcomes in Cohort Studies: An Example of Self-Rated Health in Seven Studies including 79653 Participants. Australasian Journal on Ageing, Vol 26 No 4, 194-200.